10 Different Septic Systems Available in 2022

When you don’t have a municipal sewage system available, you need to install your own dedicated septic system. Installing a new septic system takes planning and experienced technicians who have the skills and equipment to do the job right.

The most efficient septic system for your home or another property depends on many factors. Those factors include the size of your lot, its soil type, and its slope.

The following are 10 commonly used septic systems from which you might choose your septic system.

Septic Tank

Possibly the most commonly used system is the septic tank. The system has a buried septic tank into which wastewater flows and separates naturally.

Septic Tank Diagram Septic System Drain Stock Vector (Royalty Free) 1693472431 | Shutterstock

The water and soluble waste enter a leach field that naturally filters them. An annual pumping inspection and service can remove waste before too much collects in the system.

Conventional System

A conventional system is very similar to a septic tank system but has a more extensively designed drainfield made of gravel or stone to remove waste.

Chamber System

The chamber system has a relatively small septic tank and a distribution box that sends your wastewater to a specially designed drainfield made from several chambers. The soil beneath them naturally filters out the waste.

Aerobic Treatment Unit

This system works similarly to a municipal sewage system by sending oxygen into a treatment tank to enhance the natural breakdown and disinfection of waste products.

Drip Distribution

Wastewater travels to a small septic tank followed by a pump tank that sends it through a system of tubing. The tubing is designed to enable the wastewater to drip into the surrounding soil in a safe and sanitary manner.

Recirculating Sand Filter

As the name implies, a pump sends your wastewater through a filtration system made of sand that might be above ground or below it. The remaining wastewater goes into a drainfield for final processing.

Constructed Wetland

This system sends the wastewater to an open-air holding tank where some of the waste sinks into an artificial wetland environment for cleaning and filtration. The rest evaporates into the air.


Similar to a drip irrigation system, it sends the wastewater to a drainfield made of sand and gravel that filters out the sewage while the water becomes part of the local groundwater.

Concrete Septic Holding Tanks Ground Stock Photo 1654890547 | Shutterstock


This system is commonly used in subdivisions and has a combined drainfield into which wastewater from two or more homes is deposited for final filtration by the soil.


In this system, an impermeable layer prevents wastewater from flowing beneath it and instead keeps the wastewater contained until it naturally evaporates.

An experienced installer of septic systems, like Gullett Sanitation Services, Inc., in Bethel, OH, can help you choose from among the many different options of septic systems to find the one that works best for your property and your budget.