Comparing Septic Systems vs Public Sewers

Cesspool,on,the,backyard,green,lawnWhen it comes to managing household sewage, homeowners have to decide between installing a septic system or connecting to a public sewer system. Both options have their pros and cons, but in this blog post, we will focus on comparing septic systems versus public sewers, with a slant towards highlighting the benefits of septic systems. Let’s delve into the differences between these two sewage disposal methods and explore why septic systems can be a more cost-effective and environmentally friendly choice for homeowners.

Understanding Septic Systems

Septic systems are self-contained wastewater treatment systems that are typically installed underground on residential properties. These systems consist of a septic tank and a drain field, which work together to treat and dispose of household sewage. The septic tank collects solid waste and allows it to settle and decompose, while the liquid waste flows out into the drain field, where it is filtered and absorbed into the soil. Septic systems are common in rural areas where public sewer systems are not available, but they can also be a viable option for homeowners looking for a more sustainable and eco-friendly sewage disposal solution.

Benefits of Septic Systems

One of the main advantages of septic systems is their cost-effectiveness. Unlike public sewers, which require homeowners to pay monthly fees for maintenance and usage, septic systems do not incur ongoing costs once they are installed. While septic systems may require occasional pumping and maintenance, the overall long-term cost of owning a septic system is often lower than that of connecting to a public sewer system. Additionally, septic systems can increase property value, as they are seen as a desirable feature for potential buyers looking for a more environmentally friendly and self-sufficient home.

Another benefit of septic systems is their environmental impact. Unlike public sewer systems, which transport sewage to centralized treatment plants, septic systems treat wastewater on-site and release it back into the soil, where it can naturally filter and replenish groundwater supplies. This decentralized approach to sewage disposal reduces the strain on municipal treatment facilities and reduces the risk of sewage leaks and overflows. Additionally, septic systems use natural processes to break down organic waste, which can be more environmentally friendly than chemical treatments used in public sewer systems.

Septic systems also offer homeowners more control over their sewage disposal and treatment. With a septic system, homeowners can monitor and maintain their system to ensure that it is operating efficiently and effectively. By practicing good septic system maintenance, such as regular pumping, proper waste disposal, and avoiding harsh chemicals, homeowners can extend the lifespan of their system and prevent costly repairs and replacements. This level of control and responsibility can empower homeowners to take charge of their environmental impact and contribute to a more sustainable future for their community.

Challenges of Public Sewers

While public sewer systems offer the convenience of centralized sewage treatment and disposal, they also come with their own set of challenges. Connecting to a public sewer system can be costly, as homeowners are required to pay connection fees, monthly usage fees, and potentially additional assessments for upgrades or repairs. These ongoing costs can add up over time and may not be feasible for homeowners on a tight budget. Additionally, public sewers are susceptible to overflows, leaks, and maintenance issues, which can result in environmental contamination, health hazards, and costly repairs for homeowners and municipalities alike.

Public sewer systems also rely on energy-intensive treatment processes, such as chemical treatments and mechanical filtration, to treat large volumes of sewage from multiple sources. These processes can be resource-intensive and contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and water pollution. In contrast, septic systems use natural processes to treat wastewater and release it back into the environment, which can be a more sustainable and eco-friendly approach to sewage disposal.


While both septic systems and public sewers have their benefits and drawbacks, septic systems offer a cost-effective, environmentally friendly, and sustainable sewage disposal solution for homeowners. By choosing a septic system, homeowners can save money, reduce their environmental impact, and take control of their sewage treatment and disposal. Septic systems may not be the right choice for every homeowner, but for those looking for a more self-sufficient and eco-friendly sewage disposal option, septic systems can be a viable and practical choice.

Need Septic Contractors in Bethel, OH?

Gullett Sanitation Services, Inc. offers mobile de-watering of sludge and slurries in and around Bethel, OH, utilizing Roediger belt filter presses, as well as services and repairs on all major brands of home aeration systems. We also work with jet aeration and cleaning for sewer system lines (up to 8 inches in diameter), permits and consultation for biosolids, the transportation of non-hazardous wastewater, sludge removal from all types of waste lagoons, service and repairs on residential sewer systems, and the removal of grit, rags, and debris from anaerobic or aerobic digesters. Give us a call today and let us be your septic and dewatering service in Ohio!